ANALYSIS: The past of Frazier Glenn Miller, who has been accused of gunning down three people at Kansas City-area Jewish centres, is a window into the American white supremacist movement.
On April 13, the eve of Passover, three people were killed in two separate shootings in Overland Park, Kansas – one at a Jewish community center, one at a nearby Jewish assisted-living home called Village Shalom. William Lewis Corporon, a retired physician, and his 14-year old grandson, Reat Griffin Underwood, died after being shot at the community centre. Terri LaManno was killed in the Village Shalom parking lot.
The police soon arrested a suspect, a man in his seventies. A TV crew caught him yelling “Heil Hitler!” from the back of a police car. Although none of the victims was in fact Jewish – LaManno was a Catholic, the other two Methodists – the attack bears the hallmarks of an anti-Semitic hate crime.
On Sunday night, the authorities identified the suspect as Frazier Glenn Miller, a 73-year old living in the small town of Aurora, Missouri. While Miller appears to have acted alone, and is already being described as a “lone wolf”, he has had a long career in the American white-supremacist movement. He has been an activist, a leader, a publisher and distributor of racist newspapers and a perennial candidate in elections, having run in both Democratic and Republican primaries, as well as an independent.
In his autobiography, A White Man Speaks Out, self-published in 1999, he describes how he first joined a “racist group” – his own words – in 1974, after having read an edition of the newspaper Thunderbolt, which was published by the National States Rights Party (NSRP). “Within two minutes of browsing through this 16-page tabloid, I knew I had found a home within the American White Movement,” he writes. “I was ecstatic.”
Miller was in the army at the time, and so could not fully devote himself to the NSRP, but he “immensely enjoyed reading each monthly edition” of the Thunderbolt, and also ordered and read books recommended by the party, including Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf, William Gayley Simpson‘s Which Way Western Man and Wilmot Robertson’s Dispossessed Majority. He also started reading Robertson’s magazine Instauration and William Pierce‘s National Vanguard.
Joining the American Nazi Party
After some time, however, he grew disappointed by the NSRP’s lack of ability to attract new members, and joined the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA), specifically Harold Covington’s group in North Carolina.
Covington was a veteran of another American Nazi group, the National Socialist White People’s Party, and had been spending time in apartheid-era South Africa and in the unrecognized white minority-ruled Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe). Covington was a founder of the minuscule Rhodesian White People’s Party. He also claimed to have fought in the Rhodesian Army. In 1976, however, he was served with a prohibited immigration order, and deported from the country. Upon his return to the United States, he settled in Raleigh, North Carolina – not far from where Miller lived at the time. There Covington joined the NSPA.
Harold Covington was born in Burlington, North Carolina, in 1953. Since his resignation as president of the NSPA in 1981, he has also lived in the United Kingdom, where he made contact with British right-wing extremist groups and was involved in setting up the violent group Combat 18 in 1992.
Returning again to the United States, he started a new group, the National Socialist White People’s Party (NSWPP), launching its web site in 1996. He has since founded the Northwest Front, which advocates the creation of an “Aryan homeland” in the Northwest, and currently runs a blog called Thoughtcrime, as well as a podcast, Radio Free Northwest.
In 2011, he stated: “America must end. It is a disease: a leprous thing. There’s no health or goodness in it, […] and the ultimate interest of all humanity lies in this rotting and poisonous monster called the United States being removed from the Earth. All of us know in ours souls what must be done. […] The filth that is America will be purged from the world with fire and sword. The darkness that covers this land will be lifted. And a new generation of white children will be born and grow strong in the light.”
Covington has also written a number of novels, including the so-called Northwest Quintet, published between 2003 and 2012, which present a fictionalized account of the rise of a future Northwest American Republic, which ejects all non-Whites and becomes a regional superpower.
The Raleigh group included Stephen Daryl “Steph” Sumrall, who was later expelled from the party due to mental instability, specifically a tendency to fly into unpredictable rages. Other members of the group were Frank and Patsy Braswell. According to the Encyclodpedia of White Power, Covington saw Frank Braswell as “a lunatic whose dreams were of extravagant terrorist exploits of no particular operation value, but with the potential for collateral casualties in the magnitude of the Oklahoma City bombing”. Covington himself later wrote:
Why did I tolerate Braswell if he was such a loon? The answer is simple and tragic. I liked him. I knew he was crazy, but he was crazy in an engaging sort of way. Both Frank and Pat have a personal charm which tends to mask their character defects, and this charm has allowed them to pull the wool over many a White patriot’s eyes for some time. In this way they have had the operational assistance of a number of enthusiastic proponents, including me. I am as much responsible as anyone else for the Braswells’ inflated reputations in the Movement. I covered their flamboyant gunfights in NS publications, neglecting to mention that the assailants were not Israeli commandos or gin mad niggers but the irate relatives of Braswell’s first wife and his daughter’s jilted boyfriend.
The Greensboro massacre
In November 1979, a “Death to the Klan March” was held in Greensboro, North Carolina, organized by labour unionists and Communist Workers Party members. During the rally, a caravan of cars containing both Klansmen and members of the American Nazi Party – Frazier Glenn Miller among them – drove by the area where the anti-Klan activists were congregating. A fight broke out, and quickly escalated into an armed confrontation during which Klan members shot five people dead; several others were wounded. Sixteen Klansmen and Nazis were arrested and 14 eventually stood trial, but all were acquitted. In 1985, survivors won a $350,000 judgment against the city, the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party for violating the civil rights of the demonstrators. None of the shooters ever spent a day in prison, even though one of them – Dave Matthews – told the police that he thought that he had shot three people, “There were some innocent people shot, I reckon. But I was shooting at the niggers.”
Footage of the Greensboro massacre has been posted on YouTube (Warning: strong images).
Miller later said that he was “more proud to have been in Greensboro for eighty-eight seconds in 1979” than of his 20 years in the U.S. Army. “It was the only armed victory of communism in this country.” In his autobiography, he writes:
Those White men were justifiably scared half to death. They were trapped and surrounded by hundreds of screaming Blacks and Communists in the heart of a Black neighborhood. And Communists not only attacked them with clubs, many were firing pistols at them.
[…] The Communists not only started the fight by screaming “Death to the Klan!” at us and by beating on cars with clubs, they actually fired the first gunshots, when one of them fired at me.
Unfortunately for the Communists, they only had small caliber hand guns. The Klansmen and Nazis had high-powered rifles and shotguns. Also, many of the Klansmen and Nazis were military veterans, while the Communists were for the most part, intellectual city types, with little or no training in firearms. The Blacks simply ran, hundreds of them. This is why all the deaths and serious injuries were suffered by the Communists.
On April 27, 1981, the Canadian neo-Nazi Wolfgang Walter Droege and eight other men, including the prominent American white supremacist Don Black, who later founded the leading white supremacist web site Stormfront, were arrested by federal agents in New Orleans as they prepared to board a boat with weapons, explosives and ammunition. Together with Mike Perdue, a long-time Klan member, they had planned “Operation Red Dog”, a plot to overthrow the government of the Caribbean island of Dominica and reinstall its former prime minister. Their plan was to make money on tourism to support white supremacist movements across the world.
Miller was not involved in the plan, but according to his autobiography he was approached by the plotters, two of whom were in the NSPA. He later said: “It had some possibilities, favourable possibilities. It could have been pulled off – kick in the front door and the whole rotten thing would have come crashing down.”
See more: Steward Bell, The Bayou of Pigs, The True Story of an Audacious Plot to Turn a Tropical Island into a Criminal Paradise, Wiley, 2008.
The Knights and the Order
In December 1980, Miller left the American Nazi Party to found his own group, the so-called Carolina Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. Miller, who took the title Grand Dragon, also started a newspaper, The White Carolinian. Soon he staged well-publicized marches with his members dressed in traditional Klan robes. “My vision of a successful organization very much resembled [Adolf] Hitler’s German National Socialist Party,” Miller writes in his autobiography. “My organization however, would be without socialism and without the swastika, and would present an American image in general, and a Southern image in particular.”
In 1984 Miller and several other members of the Carolina Knights ran for public office – Miller in the Democratic primary election for Governor of North Carolina. He won a mere 0.61 per cent of the votes, or 5,790 votes, but managed to get further publicity for the group. That year he also changed the name of his organization to the Confederate Knights, and he preached about securing the Southern United States as a white homeland.
In 1983 and 1984, the terrorist group The Order, also known as Brüder Schweigen or the Silent Brotherhood, was active in the United States. This white supremacist group was founded by Robert Jay Mathews in late September 1983, its goal an outright revolution against the American government, which Order members believed was controlled by a cabal of prominent Jews, the so-called Zionist Occupation Government, or ZOG. The Order was named after, and drew inspiration from, a fictional group in the novel The Turner Diaries – a genocidal fantasy written by the already mentioned William Pierce.
Like Covington and Miller, members of The Order dreamt of establishing a white homeland, from which Jews and non-whites would be expelled. Another prominent member of the group was David Lane, who took inspiration from a statement in Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf to coin the white-nationalist slogan known as the “Fourteen Words”: “We must secure the existence of our people and a future for White Children.”
The Order is best-known for murdering the liberal talk-show host Alan Berg in 1984, but the group also carried out a number of robberies as well as the bombings of a theater and a synagogue. Proceeds from the robberies were distributed to various leaders of what were seen as sympathetic organizations, among them William Pierce and Glenn Miller. In his autobiography, Miller writes:
“I’m giving you $75,000 now, and I’ll bring you another $125,000 in six weeks,” said the leader of “The Order,” Robert Jay Mathews, as he sat calmly in my living room in mid August 1984. “We’ve been getting great reports on your organization, and we want to help it get even better,” continued the clean-cut, boyish looking 31-year-old Texan.
I stared back in wonder and disbelief, as I sat a few feet away in my favorite easy chair. “Mr. Miller, I represent a group of people who want to help certain White organizations by providing large financial donations.”
I found my voice, and inquired, “Is the money stolen?” Quickly and without batting an eye, he answered, “Yes, it is, but it was stolen from ZOG’s banks.”
In December 1984, the authorities tracked Mathews down to a house on Whidbey Island, Washington. He refused to surrender. During a shootout, the house was ignited by incendiary flares, and Mathews was killed in the fire. In white supremacist circles, he is considered a martyr.
According to Miller, David Lane – who had been the getaway driver when Alan Berg was murdered – came to him in early 1985, “with the FBI hot on his tail”, asking Miller to hide him. Miller refused to do so, but eventually one of his associates brought Lane to a mountain cabin just over the Virginia border.
A Declaration of war
By 1985, Miller’s organization had 23 local units, and, according to a report from the Southern Poverty Law Center, an estimated 1,000 members. Like The Order, it also had a revolutionary side. The group engaged in paramilitary training, which was publicized in Miller’s newspaper, now called The Confederate Leader.
The reports came complete with photos of armed, camouflaged Klansmen. With the name change, his group also took on a new look, instead of wearing Klan robes, they now wore camouflage uniforms and army boots. At the same time, the group acquired weapons stolen from army bases, including mines, grenades, automatic rifles and lightweight anti-tank weapons. While this was done in secret, he did not refrain from stating the goal publicly. “We’re building up a White Christian army,” Miller told his audience at one rally. “We’re going to get our country back. We hope to keep bloodshed to a minimum, but anyone that gets in the way is going to be sorry.”
In March 1985, Miller changed the name of the group once again. It became the White Patriot Party. However, he was soon to land in trouble. After a law suit carried out by the Southern Poverty Law Center, his group was prohibited from operating a paramilitary army. When the paramilitary training activity did not cease, Miller was found in criminal contempt and sentenced to six months in prison. While his conviction was under appeal in 1987 he went underground, travelling to Missouri, and issuing a supposed declaration of war “[i]n the name of our Aryan God […] against Niggers, Jews, Queers, assorted Mongrels, White Race Traitors, and dispicable [sic] informants”.
Soon thereafter federal agents arrested Miller on chargers related to this declaration and to explosives violations. In a plea bargain, he pleaded guilty to possession of a hand grenade, and also agreed to testify against other leading white supremacists, including members of The Order.
His plea bargain did not win him many friends in white supremacist circles, and after getting out of prison, Miller laid low until he self-published his autobiography in 1999, moving first to Iowa and then to Missouri.
In the early 2000s, he purchased advertising space in local Missouri newspapers for his screeds, and attempted to set up a new newspaper, The European-American. It was no great success, but in 2004 he allied with another white supremacist based in Missouri, Alex Linder, to produce the newspaper The Aryan Alternative, with the slogan “One man’s hate is another man’s free speech. Support the First Amendment and the Race that created it… and your Nation.” Unsurprisingly, the newspaper was strongly racist, featuring both poorly drawn anti-Jewish and anti-Black cartoons and articles with messages such as this one:
The anti-White, Jew-controlled, opinion-shaping mass media do not want the restless, victimized White majority to get riled up at what’s obvious: that we are under siege by Jews and other protected minority criminals and invaders.
In the fourth edition of the newspaper, published in 2009, Miller wrote an article himself:
And so now you know why America is flooded with tens-of-millions of colored aliens with tens-of-millions more on the way; why millions of American jobs are shipped to foreign countries; why the government legalized the abortion murders of over 35 million White gentile infants; why faggots have been legalized; why White gentile Americans have become 2nd class citizens and discriminated against; why Christian prayers and the Christian bible were kicked out of public schools; why the government and media work together to exterminate the White race; why we fight and finance Jew wars to protect Israel and world Jewry; why our government is turning us over to a one world government; and all the other insanities that are destroying our freedoms, liberties, national sovereignty, and our very Race. The U.S. government and the establishment media are our enemies because they are controlled by jews [sic]. It’s as simple as that.
Miller also published another newspaper, featuring similar content, The White Patriot Leader. And once again he ran for election. In 2006, he attempted to run as a Democratic Party candidate for Missouri’s Seventh District congressional seat, but was excluded from the party’s primary. A party spokesman summarized the decision by noting: “The Democratic Party is certainly a big-tent party, but that does not include white supremacists.”
Instead, Miller ran as an independent write-in candidate, receiving 23 votes. In 2010, he ran in Missouri’s U.S. Senate election, once again as an independent write-in candidate. While he gained even fewer votes, a whopping seven, his candidacy got him air time. As he himself noted on the extreme right-wing web site Vanguard News Network, “stations are required to run advertising for candidates, […] public speaking opportunities we can’t afford to pass up”. Controversy surrounding his advertisements led to Miller being interviewed on The Alan Colmes Show, The Distorted View Show, The Howard Stern Show and The David Pakman Show.
Alex Ruedy Linder, born in 1966, is the owner and operator of the Vanguard News Network, a strongly anti-Semitic, white-supremacist website which was launched in 2000. VNN is one of the most active white-supremacist sites on the Internet, and uses the motto “No Jews. Just Right”. He was formerly a member of the National Alliance, founded by William Pierce.
See more about Linder: Profile on SPLCs web site.
Frazier Glenn Miller was also very active on the VNN forum, posting what The Pitch describes as “foul and gruesome” comments, with “frequent calls of action against Jews”. In a comment under an article on the electoral gains of the anti-Semitic Hungarian party Jobbik, published just days before the Overland Park Shootings, “Rounder” – Miller’s old code name in The Order – writes:
The world is awakening and standing up PUBLICLY . . . . while we type away cautiously. . anonymously. . invisibly. . and cowardly just like the lemmings we rail against.
Get up off your knees – slither out of your hidden cellars – stand erect and boldly face the rising sun of the new day that’s here. Nothing meaningful to lose really, but your chains. Knowing what you know, is life really so sweet, you’ll live it as miserable, dwindling slaves to the GD jewbeasts ??
Unite – Organize !!!
Heil Hitler !!!